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History Of The Pear

There is convincing archaeological evidence from excavations of the ancient lake dwellers in Switzerland that the European pear, Pyrus communis L., was known to the civilization. It is believed that the pear was known to prehistoric humans, but there is no agreement on whether the apple came first or the pear. The ancient European tree is basically different from the Asian pear tree, Prunus pyrifolia.

The English record shows that in 1629 "the pearl was shipped by the Massachusetts Company to the colonists of New England" for planting and growing into a tree in Plymouth, MA.

On March 30, 1763, the famous American, George Mason, entered his extensive garden journal: "recommending 10 black pears from Worchester from Collo ... this is a large (coarse) fruit for baking" and a variety of French pears.

Fort Frederica on Saint Simons Island, Georgia, was founded by the British invaders in 1733, at the same time the city of Savannah was completed. To enable settlers to preserve their own food reserves, a plan was developed by General Oglethorpe to introduce trees and plants to grow in both temperate and subtropical climates that would prove valuable for future and fruit and vegetable gardens in the Georgia. This objective was reported by William Bartram in his book Travels, published in 1773, 40 years later. John Bartram, the father and traveling companion of William Bartram, made his research trips to East Florida, Carolina, and Georgia partly to investigate the sources and inventories of the Spanish left for the Spanish as a colonial takeover.

Prince's nursery was established as the first American natural park to collect, grow, and sell plants and trees in Flushing, New York in 1737, Prince's nursery advertised "42 pear trees for sale in 1771."

John Bartram planted the pear tree in 1793, and the old tree grew and bore fruit until 1933.

The great American botanist and author of the botanist and author of 12 books of his epic and monumental book on his observation on plant development over the years by Luther Burbank states that in essence, there are two lines of genetic pear that he and others have used to enhance the commercial quality of the tree pears and fruit. European pear, Pyrus communis L., Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia, also known as Korean pear, Japanese pear tree, Chinese pear tree, and Taiwan pear tree. It has been adjusted to re-combine genes to filter out complex character mixtures that are expected to produce superior results.

Bartram wrote in 'Fruit Repair' he described a hybrid of pear peas that appeared on a farm near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as a result of European pear and Chinese sand pear that had been planted on the farm as a decoration plant. The hybrid takes place on the farm of Mr. Peter Kieffer, thus naming it the first Oriental hybrid pear tree. Pear "Kieffer" has a pleasant aroma; it is a beautiful and graceful tree with large white flowers, but this pear is best when cooked in preparation or pie for its durability. Cold hardness and disease resistance make this pear valuable cultivation that remains the best pear tree for sale today.

Other Oriental pear trees that have entered the popular drug order catalog are Le Conte, Garber, and Smith pear trees. The pear tree has become a common cultivator for Gulf country gardens, where European pear trees do not grow well.

Other varieties of pear produced in California are described as being of great size, with fine color, fragrance, and excellent quality. One of these hybrid pearls measures nine inches high and weighs five pounds - a single piece.

Burbank argues that the commercial pear trade is strained by large pear due to boxing, sorting, and shipping issues, and that average pear buyers do not always buy pearls too big. The Northwestern United States produces the most commercial pears, largely because of the exceptional quality of the desserts from the fruit. The oldest pear market sensation is Bartlett (Williams), who grew up in a group called "Winter Pears," among other kinds. Komice, D 'Anjou, Bosc, Red D' Anjou, and Concorde pear. The cultivation of these cultivars has very limited growth area, due to their fragile European seaweed, Pyrus communis, and is not recommended for growth in most regions of the United States.

The pear tree is unique in that the edible fruit is easily recognizable from the usual description of the fruit, the "pear-shaped," a special form that everyone understands. Peasants are very biased in buying pears in the form they are used to, and they will often reject Asian pear, 'Pyrus pyrifolia, round or apple fruit. Pear texture is unique among fruits along with the aroma, taste and idea that pear (European clone) should be taken from the tree for later cooking; whereas, Asian wings are better left on the tree to cook for full flavor development.

Pearls grow in a variety of colors, green, yellow, orange, red, and feathers, making them great shields from birds and other animals. The pear tree needs longer maturity to start fruiting than most other fruit trees, but the tree will bear first if it is attached to the dwarf quince roots; However, most tree traders offer semi-dwarf trees for sale, and of course, larger trees begin to bear fruit earlier than small trees. Asian pear trees produce fruit earlier than European pear trees. One of the factors that delayed the spread of pear trees in ancient times was that the seeds showed poor germination unless they were damp and most tourists along the ancient "Silk Road" trade route dried the seeds for sale or exchange.

American fruit buyers have shown dramatic interest in growing fresh pear in grocery stores over the last 25 years. USDA sources say that per capita consumption of table quality, fresh pear has increased more than most fruits, while buying fresh peaches has decreased. Fresh pear can be stored at freezing temperatures for up to 5 months for later consumer purchases. For back gardeners, pear trees can grow 20-30 feet in semi-dwarf roots and are well-adapted to grow in most soils, although less dry soil is preferred over the pH range 6 to 7. Peach trees will grow and tolerate. with a negative temperature of 20 degrees Fahrenheit.

Burbank does a lot of odd crosses with pear trees. He crosses pear with apple and quince; However, hybrid trees do not grow to produce acceptable fruit.

Pear contains antioxidants and is not fat, with health benefits from Vitamins A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin C, Niacin, and Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, and Potassium Minerals.

Many Pear cultivars are recommended for cultivation. Ayers Pear Tree, Baldwin Tree Tree, Columbus Red Tree, Floridahome Pear Tree, Ornamental Tree, Pear Tree Pie, Leconte Pear Tree, Moonglow Pear Tree, Pear Orient Pear, Pineapple Tree, Pear Tree and Warren Pear Tree. Four varieties of Asian Pear are also grown: Korean Giant Tree, Hosui Pear Tree, Shinseiki Tree, Twentieth Century Pear Tree.

There are also four types of flowering, unproductive pear. Bradford flowering plants, Cleveland-based pear trees, aristocratic pear trees, and Blaze candle-blossoming flowers.

Copyright 2006 Patrick Malcolm



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