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Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) - What Causes Hyper-Hydration?

As we mentioned in the previous article, Pramanstrual Syndrome harms more than 70% to 90% of women before menopause in the US and less to women in Southeast Asia because of their differences in lifestyle and social structure. The incidence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) has more than doubled over the past 50 years due to its acceptance as a medical condition caused by high unhealthy diets with saturated foods. Premenstrual syndrome is defined as the function of the ovarian physiology associated with the menstrual cycle, it affects women's physical and emotional state, and sometimes interferes with their daily activities as a result of hormonal changes. The syndrome occurs one to two weeks before menstruation and then decreases as the period begins. In this article, we will discuss what causes PMS hyperhydration.

1. Lymphatic damage

The lymphatic system is important to return excess interstitial fluid to the blood. Some women with PMS have symptoms of water retention, possibly due to lymphatic damage that leads to the return of interstitial fluid around the tissue cells that causes water retention in the body tissue.

2. More than prolactin production

Prolactin is essential for breastfeeding for breastfeeding mothers, more prolactin production by the pituitary gland during the menstrual cycle due to hormonal imbalance causes breast tenderness for some women with PMS.

3. The digestive system

For the same reason, women with PMS are found to have indigestion. It may be due to a lack of stomach acid in the digestive system which results in a reduction in the absorption of certain nutrients needed to maintain proper fluid levels in the body tissues.

4. Potassium deficiency

Potassium is important for sodium regulation. Without sufficient amount of potassium, it causes high sodium accumulation in the body which increases the risk of fluid retention.

5. Serotonin

Serotonin in addition to plays an important role in the neurotransmitter, it also helps to calm the nervous tension to the right level, but serotonin production causes nerve tension and water retention.

6. The prostaglandin hormone

In addition to helping control the muscles of the uterus, increased prostaglandin hormone production increases the risk of menstrual cramps and water retention.


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