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PCOS & Ovarian Cysts - How to Prevent and Manage This Condition

One of the main concerns of women is their reproductive health. Since ovarian cancer is the 5th leading cause of cancer death in women, regular checkups for possible symptoms associated with ovarian cyst and ovarian cancer should be a priority, especially when women are in their fifties. The following contains information about ovarian cyst, PCOS and how to diagnose and treat this gynecological problem.

What is an ovarian cyst?

Ovary cysts are sacs containing fluid that forms the surface of the ovaries. The cyst is actually an incomplete follicle, usually lost in some menstrual cycles. This cyst is known as a "functional cyst", a relatively benign cyst caused by the release of eggs from the ovaries. Most of these cysts often appear as non-cancerous forms, but there are some ovarian cysts that can turn cancerous. Women over the age of 50 are the most susceptible to ovarian cysts and should consult their doctor if they suspect they are cancerous.

What is PCOS?

PCOS refers to polycystic ovarian syndrome, a condition that affects between 4 percent and 10 percent of pregnant women. The word "polytechnic" refers to the state of cyst accumulation in the ovaries. The cysts involved in PCOS are not harmful in themselves, but there is a possibility that hormone imbalance is triggered by the presence of this cyst, which leads to its own symptoms associated with PCOS. It is not clear what causes PCOS, but there are factors that can cause this syndrome, including obesity, insulin resistance, external hormone disorders such as environmental or chemical contamination and the genetic susceptibility to the syndrome, among other potential triggers.

Is ovarian cyst dangerous?

Most cysts are a variety of seeds that usually do not cause pain or discomfort. In most cases, most women do not realize that they have ovarian cysts at all. But there are cases where the ovarian cyst can cause significant discomfort, especially during sexual intercourse. Ovarian cysts may suddenly bleed or rupture, causing significant pain in the abdomen and pelvis. In rare cases, the cyst can form in the corpus luteum, growing 3 to 4 inches in diameter while causing pelvic or abdominal pain, especially if the organ deals with ovaries. For women in their fifties, ovarian cysts can turn into cancerous tumors, possibly spreading to lymph nodes and other tissues.

What kind of cyst?

As mentioned earlier, most cysts are "functional" cysts that usually disappear on their own about 1 to 3 months after ovulation. This cyst is a product of the ovulation process and is usually so small and unobtrusive that you may not even realize you have one. Another commonly benign ovarian cyst is cystadenoma, which develops from the cells on the ovarian surface. In some cases, these particular cysts can grow, putting pressure on the abdominal organs causing pain. Dermoid cysts are composed of fat tissue, while also containing other tissue mixtures. This type of cyst is usually small and relatively benign, but there are rare cases where dermoid cysts can develop into large size and eventually rupture. This causes stomach bleeding and is serious enough to warrant emergency hospital visits.

Endometrioma is a type of cyst that has the potential to grow inside the ovaries. This cyst forms when the endometrial tissue in the uterus finds its way into the ovary. This cyst is often called a "brown cyst", due to the fact that it often pumps blood, giving it a reddish hue. Endometriomas can be potentially painful, especially during sexual intercourse. Endometriosis is the presence of multiple endometriosis in the ovary.

What are the symptoms of ovarian cyst?

The symptoms of the ovarian cyst vary from case to case, although the most common symptoms have been shared by the majority of those with ovarian cyst. These include pelvic pain before and after your period, pressure sensations placed on your bladder or rectum, menstrual irregularities and ongoing vaginal discharge. Abdominal pain is usually associated with ovarian cysts, although other conditions may have similar symptoms, such as kidney stones, urinary tract infections and inflammation, along with gynecological problems such as endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). If these symptoms do occur, you should seek medical advice from a health professional. In the event of a sudden onset of symptoms, such as severe lower abdominal pain, fever, vomiting or signs of shock, seek emergency care at a nearby hospital.

How is the ovarian cycle diagnosed?

Ovarian cysts are diagnosed with several routine procedures, depending on the severity of the problem. Pelvic tests are used to detect early ovarian cysts. Completed every year, this is the best preventative method for detecting and treating the ovarian cyst early. If ovarian cyst is detected, pelvic ultrasound is used to determine the size of the cyst. Sound waves are used to produce cystic images which are then analyzed by gynecological professionals. If the doctor wants to examine the ovarian cyst carefully, laparoscopy is used, using laparoscopy. This thin, illuminated telescope is inserted through a small splint into the abdomen to examine the cyst in depth, and possibly to remove it.

How can an ovarian cyst be treated?

The method used to treat the ovarian cyst depends on the type of cyst and severity of symptoms associated with the ovarian cyst or PCOS. If the cyst is small and lifeless and does not cause symptoms, your doctor may advise you to wait for the cyst to go off on its own, following another pelvic and ultrasound test within six weeks. If the cyst does not disappear on its own or grows larger, other steps will be taken. One of these steps involves taking birth control pills. Birth control pills may help reduce ovarian cancer by changing the levels of hormones in the body. Not only do birth control pills help shrink cysts, they can also prevent other cysts from developing.

As a last resort, this cyst can be removed if it is too small to be thick or is dense or fragmented. The cyst can also be removed if it causes a significant amount of pain and distress or if it continues to develop. Cystectomy can be done, sometimes using the same laparoscopic technique used to examine them. In most cases, the cyst can be removed without removing the hidden ovary itself, although in some cases the ovaries also need to be removed. In this case, the other ovaries are left intact to ensure continued hormone balance. In the case of PCOS, hormone therapy can be used not only to treat the system itself, but also symptoms associated with PCOS. Metformin, a drug used to control insulin efficiency, is also used in most cases to treat insulin resistance associated with PCOS. Other treatments include improved nutrition and weight loss on ovarian drilling. Ovarian drilling consists of making anywhere from 4 to 30 holes in the ovarian cyst, a treatment that has worked for some women. In the case of ovarian cancer, surgery is the most preferred treatment, followed by chemotherapy and radiation. In the most extreme cases, hysterectomy, which involves removal of both ovaries, along with any nearby lymph nodes and other affected tissues, may be necessary to prevent the spread of cancer to other parts of the body.

Can the ovarian cyst be prevented?

Ovarian disease is a phenomenon that is completely unavoidable, although it can be managed with reasonable measures. A woman can minimize the frequency and growth of ovarian cysts by simply improving exercise and improving overall nutritional and health habits. Controlling your stress levels, as well as balancing your hormone system can also make a difference in how the ovarian system is managed. Diet is the most important aspect of managing the ovary. According to medical research, women who use a large number of meat and cheese products are the most vulnerable to ovarian cysts, while women who use green vegetables are the most vulnerable to developing ovarian cysts.


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