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Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Surgery - An Easy Guide to Understanding Hernias and Treatment Options

Hernia is an abnormal tension in the internal organs through an abnormal opening in the cavity wall. The combination of increased pressure in the body and weakness in the wall is responsible for this.

In this situation, the internal organs or parts of the organs develop swelling which increases their size by hacking and coughing and lifting weights, and when passing through stools and urine. By lying the swollen posture will come in except in a state of suffocation and hernia is inevitable.


1, Some weaknesses in body wall: -

a) Congenital weakness.

b) Has weakness due to injury, muscle spasms, suppurative wounds to the wall and the presence of weak natural openings, obesity, lack of exercise, repeated pregnancy.

c) Surgical intervention with improper suturing or controlled site sepsis.

2) Increased pressure in the body.

a) Chronic constipation.

b) chronic cough.

c) Heavy lifter.

d) Stricture urethra.


Hernia may occur anywhere in the body. However there are several websites that are extensive for hernia. Considering the presence of hard bone closure, the chest wall is usually unaffected. The lower back spine is also rare due to spine and back muscles and hard ligaments and sheaths.

The most common site for hernia is the abdominal wall. In comparison with other parts, the abdominal wall is weak due to the presence of several natural holes. There are several areas where the abdominal muscles are weaker and thinner and all these factors create opportunities for herniation. Common locations for hernia are as follows.

a) Inguinal hernia:

Here the abdominal contents protrude through the inguinal tract (the path of the lower abdominal wall is just above the inguinal ligament. It is seen on both sides). This type is common in men. At first the swelling only comes when it lasts and returns while lying down. Then most intestines can come out which may not be easy to return.

b) The femoral hernia:

This kind of heresy is more about women. Here the contents of the abdomen pass through the femoral canal seen just below the junction between the thigh and the lower abdominal wall (inside the femoral triangle). Its contents drop down and out through the saphenous opening in the thighs and form lumps under the skin.

c) Biliary hernia:

It's popular with kids. The umbilicus is the weaker part of the stomach. Abdominal content can appear as swollen as the swelling and tears.

d) Incisional hernia:

The hysteria was seen at the site of the operation. Due to improper suturing or poorly controlled site sepsis can cause hernia.

e) Epigastric hernia:

Here, herniation takes place in the epigastrium. It's a rare breed.

f) Lumbar hernia:

Here the hernia appeared in the lumbar region on both sides of the lumbar spine (in the lumbar triangle). It's also kind of incredible.

g) Obernur hernia:

This is another unusual type of hernia. Here the contents of the foramen obturator in the pelvic bone.


1) Strangulation:

If the herniated orifice is narrowed the stomach cannot easily return, and then blood flow to the herniated tissue can be blocked by narrowing. This can lead to significant bowel death.

2) Intestinal obstruction:

This occurs when the entire intestine is spilled on the hernia sac. The narrow hernial blade will prevent bowel movement.

3) Infections and peritonitis:

If there is tension with the death of the intestine, there is a spread of infection to the stomach causing peritonitis.


In the early stages of the hernia the following steps may be useful.

1) Use of hernia belt. Special types of hernia belts are offered for each type of hernia. This prevents protrusion and reduces pain.

2) Constipation, recurrent cough, obstruction of urine and so on should be treated.

3) Fat reduction will increase the strength of the abdominal wall.

4) Abdominal exercises to improve muscle tone.

5) Take lots of leafy vegetables, fruits and herbs for easy bowel movements.

6) Try some other systems like homeopathy, herbal medicine, etc.

If there is no relief from taking the above steps, consult a general surgeon for surgical management.


The following operations are performed depending on the type and type of hernia.

1) Herniotomy: During this operation, the contents of the hernia pouch are pushed into the abdomen and the neck of the pouch is connected to the transfixion ligament and the pouch is cut.

2) Herniorrhaphy: Here, along with herniotomy, the posterior wall is repaired.

3) Hernioplasty: This surgical treatment is performed if a herniotomy is not possible because of a wide neck. In this procedure, repairs are made with the help of non-absorbent materials such as tantalum gauze, polypropylene mesh or stainless steel mesh.


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