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Genital Exams - Everything You Need to Know

When people are going through a genital examination, they have to make sure that it happens under the context of the whole physical examination. Especially when genital exams are performed on children, doctors need to explain the process carefully and clearly so that they can understand what is really going on. Usually in medical tests doctors use a colposcope as their instrument in examining their patients. This is because the doctor benefits from it, it is an excellent source of light, it clearly expands the patient's external anatomy for the doctor to study clearly and finally, the doctor is given the opportunity to record the findings while he is on camera. But other than colposcopes, there are other instruments used during the test of genitals such as otoscopes and digital cameras with macro lenses. Of course, any instrument used is so important that the doctor explains what the instrument is.

In performing genital examinations, physicians often ask their patients to perform different positions depending on their circumstances. One example is an outpatient position that is commonly used by doctors for adult use. On the contrary, adolescents under the guise of women usually use extreme lithotomy. Adolescents who have undergone genital examination are asked to be in a frog foot position with the help of a parent rotation or on the examination schedule.

In addition to the position, a patient should also be aware of the things that the doctor will examine first before the genital examination. The first thing they will notice is hair growth in the genital area. The next is an inguinal adenopathy that tells the doctor an estimate of the size of a node; to see if the node is enlarged or not. The inside of the thighs will also be inspected to ensure no secretion. The perineum is also checked to make sure the doctor has no lice, rash and even sexually transmitted disease (STD). The next thing doctors will see is if there is any urethral or vaginal discharge. It is also important to know at this time to know where the release actually came from. The final stage of the examination consists of obtaining or collecting specimens so that they will know if the person has acquired any type of sexually transmitted disease.

The genital examination of both male and female patients should be meticulous which is why doctors really need to examine each part. For women labia majora and minora should be checked for abnormal skin development. Clitoris should also be noted for unusual changes in its size. Other areas that need to be checked are the meatus urethra and tissue or vestibule. These two parts should be checked for any type of injury and other disorders. Another important part to look at is the scarf. The vagina is a very sensitive part of a woman's genitals because it tells the doctor about the patient's sexual activity. The posterior fourchette should also be examined for any type of respiratory or scarring. Bleeding should be noted in the vagina. The presence of discharge, foreign bodies and lesions also need to be checked by a doctor. Finally, the cervix must also be protected from any kind of bleeding, tears, relief, or any sign of trauma. Instead, in examining the male genitalia, the doctor should check the penis and see if the patient is circumcised or not and also check for other abnormalities such as bites, cures, abrasions and secretions. As in women, the urethra should also be checked for any discharge or bleeding. The scrotum is also checked for STD injuries, bite marks and even scratches. The test is also checked so that the firmness in the tissue is easy to detect.

Whether male or female, it is important that the person undergoing the genital examination be aware of the importance and relevance of each part of the examination.


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