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5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy

If you have decided to have a baby, the most important thing is to take good care of yourself, so that you and your baby will be healthy in the future. Girls who get the right care and make the right decisions are more likely to have a healthy baby.

Pranatal Care
If you find you are pregnant, consult your doctor as soon as possible to start prenatal care (pregnancy care). The sooner you start receiving medical care, the better your chances are and your baby will be healthy in the future.

If you are unable to visit a doctor or pay a consultation at a prenatal care clinic, there are social service organizations that can help. Ask parents, school counselors, or trusted adults to help you find resources in your community.

During the first consultation, the doctor will ask many questions, such as the date of your last period. This way, you can calculate how long you are pregnant and what date you expect your baby to be.

The doctor estimates the duration of pregnancy in a few weeks. Pregnancy is estimated, but most babies are born between 38 and 42 weeks after the first day of the woman's menstruation, or between 36 and 38 weeks after fertilization (when the sperm sponsors the egg). Only a small number of women give birth at approximate delivery date.

Pregnancy is divided into three phases, or quarters. The first quarter runs from concept to weekend 13. The second is from week 14 to 26. Third, from week 27 to end of pregnancy.

The doctor will examine you and perform a pelvic exam. Doctors will also order blood tests, urine tests and tests for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs by the acronym in English), including HIV testing, a condition that is common in adolescents. (Because some STDs can cause serious health problems in newborns, it is important to seek appropriate treatment to protect the baby.)

The doctor will explain what physical and emotional changes you may experience during pregnancy. We also learn to recognize symptoms of possible problems (complications) during pregnancy. This is important, as adolescents are at greater risk of crossing certain complications such as anemia or hypertension, and giving birth before the expected date (premature labor).

Your doctor will want to take prenatal vitamins containing folic acid, calcium and iron. Your doctor may prescribe vitamins or may recommend a brand that can be purchased without a prescription. These minerals and vitamins help ensure the health of the baby and the mother, and prevent birth defects.

You should visit your doctor once a month during your first 28 weeks of pregnancy. Then you need to visit every 2 weeks up to the 36th week and then weekly until delivery. If you have a disease such as diabetes, which requires careful monitoring during pregnancy, your doctor may want to see you more often.

During the consultation, your doctor will monitor your weight, blood pressure and urine, as well as measure your stomach to record baby growth. When a baby's heartbeat can be heard with a special device, the doctor will listen every time you visit. It may be possible for your doctor to give you another test during pregnancy, such as an ultrasound to keep the baby in good condition.

It is also part of prenatal care for attending classes where women expect babies to learn how to have a healthy pregnancy and delivery, as well as basic care for newborns. These classes may be conducted in hospitals, medical centers, schools and universities in your area.

If adults find it difficult to talk to your doctor about your own body, this can be more difficult for teens. Your doctor's role is to help you enjoy a healthy pregnancy and to have a healthy baby ... and it's possible that no pregnant woman will not tell. So don't be afraid to ask everything you need to know.

Always be honest when your doctor asks, even if they are embarrassing. Many issues that you want to talk to your doctor about can affect your baby's health. Think of your doctor as someone who is not only a source but also a trusted friend to talk about what's happening to you.

What changes can you expect in your body?
Pregnancy creates many physical changes. Here are some of the most common:

Breast growth
Increased breast size is one of the first signs of pregnancy and breast can continue to develop throughout pregnancy. It is possible to increase some support sizes during pregnancy.

Skin changes
Don't be surprised if people comment that your skin looks "shiny" when you are pregnant: pregnancy results in an increase in blood volume, which can make your cheeks a little more pink than usual. In addition, hormonal changes increase the secretion of sebum glands, so that your skin looks brighter. For the same reason, acne is also common during pregnancy.

Other changes that cause pregnancy hormones on the skin include yellowish or yellowish spots on the face, called melasma, and dark strips run from the center to the pubis, known as linea nigra.

Also, the mole or freckles you have before pregnancy can increase in size or become darker. Even the areola, the area around the nipple is darker. Stretch marks can also occur (red or purple thin lines) in the stomach, chest or thighs.

Except for the darkening of the isola, which is usually permanent, the skin changes after delivery.

Emotional change
It is very common to experience mood changes during pregnancy. Some girls may experience depression during pregnancy or after childbirth. If you have symptoms of depression such as sadness, a change in sleep, want to hurt yourself or negative feelings about yourself or your life, ask your doctor for advice on starting your treatment.

Pregnancy pain
Pregnancy can cause some unpleasant side effects. Some of these interruptions include the following:

  • nausea and vomiting, especially during the first month of pregnancy;
  • swollen feet;
  • varicose veins in the foot and area around the vaginal opening;
  • hemorrhoids;
  • heartache and constipation;
  • backache;
  • fatigue and
  • sleep problems.

If you experience one or more of these side effects, keep in mind that you are not alone. Ask your doctor for advice on how to handle this common problem.

If you are pregnant and have bleeding or illness, contact your doctor immediately, even if you decide to end your pregnancy.

What you should avoid
If you smoke, drink alcohol or use drugs during pregnancy, you and your baby are at serious risk.

Currently, doctors believe it is not advisable to take alcohol stamps during pregnancy. Drinking alcohol can damage the developing fetus and the baby is at risk for birth defects and mental problems.

Smoking during pregnancy carries the following risks: the birth of a fetus (when the baby dies in the womb), low birth weight (which increases the likelihood of a baby having a health problem), newborns (babies born before 37 weeks) and sudden infant death syndrome -only (SIDS for acronyms in English). SIDS is a sudden and unexpected death of a baby under the age of one.

Illegal drugs such as cocaine or marijuana during pregnancy can lead to abortion, premature birth and other health problems. In addition, babies can be born with certain drug addictions.

If you have trouble stopping smoking, drinking alcohol or using drugs, ask your doctor for help. Consult your doctor before taking any medication during pregnancy. These include over-the-counter medications, herbal supplements and vitamins.

Unsafe sex
Talk to your doctor about sex during pregnancy. If your doctor allows you to have sex during pregnancy, you should use condoms to prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs in English). Because some STDs can cause blindness, pneumonia or newborn meningitis, it is important to protect yourself and protect your baby.

How to care for pregnancy
Eat up
Many young people are concerned about your appearance and are afraid of losing weight during pregnancy. But this is not the time to cut down on calories or diet as you feed two people. Both you and your baby need certain nutrients for the baby to grow well. If you eat a variety of healthy foods, drink enough water and you reduce snacks, high fat, help you and your baby grow healthy and thrive.

Doctors usually recommend adding about 300 calories a day to their diet, in order to provide the baby with adequate nutritional growth. Depending on the weight you have before becoming pregnant, you should gain between 11 and 15 pounds (25 to 35 pounds) during pregnancy, most of the last 6 months. Your doctor will advise you on this depending on your specific situation.

Eating more fiber from -25 to 30 grams daily, and drinking enough water can help prevent common problems like constipation. Fruits and vegetables and wheat bread, cereals or wheat muffins are good sources of fiber.

You should avoid certain foods and drinks during pregnancy, such as:

  • some types of fish such as squid, tuna and other fish that may have high mercury content (your doctor may help you determine which fish to eat);
  • foods containing raw eggs, such as mousse or "Caesar" salad;
  • raw meat, fish or just cooked;
  • processed meats such as sausages or cold cuts;
  • Soft unpacked cheeses such as feta, brie, blue or goat, and
  • unsaturated milk, juice or cider.

It is also advisable to limit the use of artificial sweeteners and caffeine and artificial sweeteners.

Exercising during pregnancy is good for your health when you have no complications with pregnancy and choosing the right activity. Doctors usually recommend low-impact activities such as walking, swimming and yoga. In general, you should avoid contact sports and high impact aerobic activities that pose a higher risk of injury. It is also not recommended to do work that involves lifting weights for women during pregnancy. Talk to your doctor if you have questions about what kind of exercise is safe for you and your baby.

It is important to rest during pregnancy. During the first month of pregnancy, try to get some sleep habits next to you. During pregnancy, lying on your side, knees bent, will be the most comfortable position. It will facilitate heart function, as baby weight will not put pressure on the veins that carry blood from the legs and feet back to the heart.

Some doctors specifically recommend having a pregnant girl on the left. Because some of the primary blood vessels are on the right side of the abdomen, lying on the left helps keep the uterus putting pressure on them. Ask your doctor about your recommendation. In most cases, the trick lies on both sides, to reduce back pressure.

During pregnancy, but especially in the late stages, you may often get up at night to go to the bathroom. While it is important to drink plenty of water during pregnancy, try to drink more during the day than at night. Go to the bathroom before bed. During pregnancy, it may be difficult to find a comfortable position in the bed. You can try putting pillows around and under your stomach, back, or feet to feel more comfortable.

Stress can also affect sleep. You may be worried about the baby's health, birth, or how it will play a role in this new mother. All of these feelings are normal, but can result in insomnia. Talk to your doctor if you have trouble sleeping during pregnancy.

Emotional Health
It is common for teenagers to experience various emotions such as fear, anger, guilt, confusion and sadness. It may take some time to adjust to the fact that you have a baby. This means big changes and it is natural for pregnant teenagers to wonder if they are ready for the responsibilities involved in motherhood.

A young person's feelings often depend on how much support his or her father, family (and baby's family) and friends receive. Every youth's situation is different. Depending on your circumstances, you may need to find more support for people who are not part of your family. It's important to talk to people who can support you, guide you and help you share and organize your feelings. Your school counselor or nurse can guide you through the resources offered to help your community.

In some cases, teenage pregnancy and spontaneous abortion have lost the baby. This can be very sad and difficult to beat for some people, but for others it is a relief. It is important to talk about these feelings and to receive support from friends and family, if this is not possible, go to a counselor or teacher.

School and the future
Some girls plan to raise their own baby. Sometimes grandparents or other family members help them. Some young people choose to give up their baby for adoption. This difficult decision involves courage and concern for the baby.

Young women who have completed high school will have a greater chance of getting a good job and enjoying a more successful life. As much as possible, you should finish high school now instead of trying to go back to school later. Ask your school counselor or trusted adult for information on what programs and classes are available in the community for pregnant teenagers.

Some communities have support groups specifically geared toward teen parents. In some schools, there is no child care. Maybe your family or friends can take the baby while you're at school.

You can learn more about what happens to your mother if you read a book, attend a class, or consult a trusted parenting website. Your pediatrician, parents, family members and other adults can guide you when you are pregnant and when you are a mother.


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